Citrus fruit is the generic name of fruit produced by plants in the genus of citrus, kumquat and trifoliate, and their hybrids.
The most common ones include sweet orange, grapefruit, lemon, mandarin, pummelo, lime and citron. Citrus fruit is grown in warm climates, they are best in subtropical regions, espe-cially in the Mediterranean climate, southern United States, China, Japan and some parts of Africa and South America.
Flavours: lemon, lime, orange, red orange, grapefruit, mandarin, pummelo.
Exotic fruit flavour is a journey around the world. The category of exotic fruit, also known as tropical fruit, includes edible fruits of plants growing wild or bred in tropical and subtropical regions.
Their only common feature is no frost tolerance.
Flavours: banana, guava, kiwi, lychee, mango, passion fruit, pineapple, papaya, lulo, dragon fruit, kiwi, fig.
Berries are juicy edible fruit with fleshy pulp containing seeds. They are an extensive group of fruit with exceptional nutritional value; they are rich in vitamins, minerals, fibre and anti-oxidants. From a botanical point of view, blackberries, strawberries and raspberries are part of different groups, but in trade they go by the common name of berries.
Flavours: blueberry, cranberry, black currant, red currant, gooseberry, raspberry, strawber-ry, alpine strawberry, elderberry, wild berries, dark grapes and green grapes.
Stone fruit is a collective term for all types of fruit with a pit inside.
They grow in temperate climates, ripening in summer and fall. Next to vegetables and ber-ries, stone fruit are the richest source of vitamins and minerals.
They contain a lot of water, fruit acid and fruit sugar, and are usually very sweet.
Flavours: sour cherry, sweet cherry, peach, apricot, plum, prune, smoked plum, mirabelle plum.
Pome fruits are fruit varieties having small pits inside. Most pome fruits grow best in cli-mates with cold winters and mild summers. Growing pome fruits has a very long tradition in Europe. Apples and pears have been grown for over 2,000 years.
First cultivated apples come from Eastern Europe and Western Asia, and pears from East Asia.
Flavours: apple, red apple, green apple, pear, Williams pear, melon, watermelon, pome-granate, fig, quince, chokeberry.
The term superfruits was first used in 2005 to highlight healthy properties of their different varieties, characterized by their unique ability, greater than that of other fruit, to absorb harmful free radicals.
The category of superfruits includes mainly dark-colour fruits and berries, e.g. blueberries, cranberries, goji berries, acai, red grapes. Their red, dark blue, black and purple colour is associated with the presence of polyphenols. These compounds, in addition to giving an in-tensive colour to the fruit, are antioxidants, effectively absorbing free radicals responsible for cell damage.
Flavours: pomegranate, dark grape.
Nuts is a collective term for all the fruit surrounded by a tough, usually woody shell. Another common feature is their edible kernel, not the flesh. They contain about 70% fat, especially of unsaturated fatty acids. Other substances include protein, valuable minerals and vitamins, especially vitamin A. Most nuts and seeds are imported from the Far East, Brazil, North America and the Mediterranean.
Flavours: almond, coconut, walnut, hazelnut, peanut, pistachio, sesame, chestnut, marzipan.
Polish fruit is a traditional line of flavours well known and preferred by Polish consumers. Collections are made of basic fruit flavours present in the Polish cuisine which utilizes the wealth of Polish orchards and gardens.
Flavours: strawberry, raspberry, currant, gooseberry, mirabelle plum, rhubarb, alpine straw-berry, sweet cherry.